SKRINING FITOKIMIA EKSTRAK CARICA PAPAYA RADIX, PIPER ORNATUM FOLIUM DAN NEPHELIUM LAPPACEUM SEMEN ASAL KALIMANTAN SELATAN
Diabetes Mellitus was a disease with a high prevalence and was ranked in the top 10 in the world including in Indonesia. The big problem facing the health world today was Diabetes Mellitus cannot be completely cured with conventional antihyperglycemic drugs. Research needs to be done in terms of tracing the potential of natural materials commonly used by Kalimantan people based on phytochemical screening of some plants that are empirically used as antidiabetic namely Carica papaya radix (CPR), Nephelium lappaceum semen (NLS) and Piper ornatum folium (POF). Medicinal plants obtained were extracted maceration and identified groups of compounds and their chromatographic profiles. These research activities included: 1) Plant sample collection, 2) Making test simplicia, 3) Making plant ethanol extract, 4) Qualitative test of plant chemical content, and 5) Thin layer chromatography identification.
The results of the study were selected and tested on 3 extracts namely Carica papaya radix, Nephelium lappaceum semen and Piper ornatum folium. Carica papaya radix extract was thought to contain alkaloid compounds (Rf: 0.53), saponins (Rf: 0.93), flavonoids (Rf: 0.38; 0.75) and tannins (Rf: 0.52; 0.88) . Piper ornatum folium extract is thought to contain saponin compounds (Rf: 0.89), steroids (Rf: 0.20; 0.42) and tannins (Rf: 0.52; 0.71; 0.85). Nephelium lappaceum semen extract showed positive results on the presence of alkaloid compounds (Rf: 0.65; 0.82), flavonoids (Rf: 0.83) and tannins (Rf: 0.79; 0.92).