Effect Of The Bioactive Compounds Of Angsana Leaf Extract (Pterocarpus indicus) As A Body Insecticide On Aedes Aegypti (L.) Mosquito Larvae Dengue Vector In Banjarmasin

  • Risma Alaika Syafitri Program Studi DIII Analis Kesehatan Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
  • Sevia Audia Martha Program Studi DIII Analis Kesehatan Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
  • Nazula Ismaniar Program Studi DIII Analis Kesehatan Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
  • Ananda Puteri Program Studi DIII Analis Kesehatan Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
  • Muhammad Muslim Program Studi DIII Analis Kesehatan Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
  • Risnawati Risnawati Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
Keywords: Pterocarpus indicus, Aedes aegypti, Botanical insecticides

Abstract

Control of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) mosquitoes is generally carried out using synthetic pesticides. The use of synthetic pesticides is considered effective, practical, efficacious and economically more profitable. However, the use of synthetic pesticides continuously and repeatedly can cause environmental pollution, death of various types of living things and resistance from eradicated pests. One alternative that can be used to overcome the above problems is the use of natural insecticides (c), namely the Angsana plant (Pterocarpus indicus). This study aims to determine the effect of the compounds contained in the extract of the leaves of Angsana (Pterocarpus indicus), so the GCMS (Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry) test was carried out. The samples in this study were Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae in which each treatment group consisted of 25 larvae. Based on the results of the study it was found that there was an effect of the bioactive compound content of Angsana leaf extract (Pterocarpus indicus) as a vegetable insecticide on the larvae of the Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquito vector of dengue in the Banjarmasin region using ethyl acetate as a solvent at a concentration of 0.25%, 0.5 %, and 1%. While the most efficient concentration is 0.5% because it can kill Aedes aegyti larvae. Then based on the GCMS analysis results of the ethyl extract of Angsana leaves (Pterocarpus indicus) showed several compounds that have the potential as bioactive larvicidal compounds, namely Palmic Acid, Palmitate, Araldite 502, and Lupenone

Published
2023-05-02
How to Cite
Syafitri, R., Martha, S., Ismaniar, N., Puteri, A., Muslim, M., & Risnawati, R. (2023). Effect Of The Bioactive Compounds Of Angsana Leaf Extract (Pterocarpus indicus) As A Body Insecticide On Aedes Aegypti (L.) Mosquito Larvae Dengue Vector In Banjarmasin. Jurnal Kajian Ilmiah Kesehatan Dan Teknologi, 5(1), 18-25. https://doi.org/10.52674/jkikt.v5i1.97
Section
Articles